Feeding Tube can be used to feed people whose digestive tract works normally but cannot eat enough to meet their nutritional needs. Those with any of the following cases are included:
- Lack of appetite for a long time
- Severe protein-energy malnutrition (a strong deficiency of protein and calories)
- Comma or very reduced alertness
- Liver failure
- Head or neck injury or other disorder that makes them unable to eat by mouth
- A serious illness (such as burns) that increases nutritional needs
In case of serious illness or malnutrition, tube feeding can be introduced before surgery.
Compared to intravenous feeding, tube feeding has the following advantages:
- The structure and function of the digestive tract are better preserved.
- The cost is lower.
- It probably causes fewer complications, particularly infections.
In general, the place where the probe is inserted depends on the length of the necessary feeding probe:
- For a period of less than 4 to 6 weeks: a thin plastic tube is passed through the nose and throat until it reaches the stomach (called the nasogastric tube) or the small intestine (called the nasoduodenal tube). If the nose is damaged, the tube can be inserted through the mouth.
- For more than 4 to 6 weeks: the tube is placed directly in the stomach or small intestine; To do this, a small incision is made in the abdominal wall.
Insertion of a feeding tube through the nose
Nasogastric and nasoduodenal probes can usually be inserted while the person is awake. The probe is lubricated and inserted through the nose and through the throat. It can cause retching and nausea when it enters the throat, so the person is asked to swallow or give water with a straw to help with swallowing. Swallowing may decrease or prevent retching and nausea and helps to pass the tube through the throat. Once the tube has passed through the throat and enters the esophagus, it can easily slip into the stomach or small intestine. Sometimes doctors do tests, such as an x-ray of the abdomen, to make sure the tube is positioned correctly.
Insertion of a feeding tube directly into the stomach or intestine
When a feeding tube is inserted directly into the stomach or small intestine, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube is usually used.
Before the insertion of the PEG probe, a sedative is given to the patient and sometimes an analgesic, usually intravenously. The back of the throat can also be sprayed with a numbing spray to suppress the need to cough or retching and gagging. Doctors then insert an endoscope through the mouth to the stomach or small intestine, with a camera at its tip, which allows them to see inside the stomach and determine where to place the PEG probe. Then they make a small incision in the abdomen and insert the PEG tube. People should fast before the procedure, and food and liquid intake are limited once the test is over until the gag reflex returns.
If a PEG tube cannot be placed, a surgical procedure can be used to help doctors insert the feeding tube directly into the stomach or small intestine. This procedure can be carried out in one of the following ways:
- Using a vision tube (laparoscope), for the introduction of which only a small incision just below the navel is required.
- Making a relatively large incision in the abdomen if doctors need to see the area through the incision in order to place the tube in the right place.
After inserting a feeding tube
People with feeding tubes should remain seated in an upright position or with the head of the bed raised during feeding and 1 to 2 hours later. This position reduces the risk of food being inhaled and allows gravity to help move food through the digestive tract.
Usually, a relatively large amount of food (called bolus) is given several times a day. However, if these intakes cause nausea, small amounts of food are continuously given.
There are different formulas for administration by feeding tube; Usually, one that provides a complete and balanced diet is used. Some are designed to treat a specific deficiency and may contain a single nutrient, such as proteins, fats or carbohydrates.
There are also specialized formulas available for people with specific needs. The following are included:
- Concentrated formulas, with less liquid volume, for people whose fluid intake is limited
- Formulas enriched with fiber, for people with constipation
- Lactose-free formulas, for people who are lactose intolerant
Complications arising from the use of a feeding tube are common and can be serious.
7 Essential Foods To Prevent Cancer
50% -7% of cancer cases can be prevented with proper nutrition. Keep the immune system strong and keep inflammation away from your cells.
The turmeric is a natural anti-inflammatory most powerful identified to date.
It has a proapoptotic action (death of the tumor cell), antiangiogenic (destruction of the blood vessels of the tumor) and enhancing the effect of chemotherapy. Its effect of blocking cell migration and invasion accredits it as a metastasis preventive agent.
To improve its assimilation, mix it with black pepper: its absorption and its effect increase up to 2,000 times. You can also dissolve it in olive oil.
2. Nuts and seeds
The nut and linseed and chia are rich in acids omega-3 fatty. And it is that the proper functioning of the organism depends on the good balance between omega 3 and 6. High consumption of products of animal origin, a low amount of fiber and the imbalance between omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids increase the risk of Cancer.
Foods To Prevent Cancer
Omega-3s help you prevent them because they can reduce the number and size of precancerous polyps, decrease the inflammation associated with the tumor and increase the response to chemotherapy.
The sunflower seeds are rich in selenium, an immune nutrients that help cope with cancer. These are the symptoms that indicate that you lack selenium.
3. Vegetables and fruits
Foods such as vegetables and fruits rich in carotenoids – such as carrots, zucchini and squash, tomatoes, persimmons, apricots and beets – should not be lacking in the pantry.
Mushrooms act as potent immune nutrients, stimulating the immune system, which is able to stop and/or control the growth of a tumor. The best are shiitake and maitake, which contain lentinan, very suitable especially during chemotherapy.
Like mushrooms, they help curb the onset of metastases and, in addition, are rich in selenium.
Foods To Prevent Cancer
In these articles you will find more information about the preventive power of mushrooms and their effects on the immune system:
The algae stimulate the immune system. They act by slowing the growth of cancer and inhibit the growth of the tumor by antiestrogenic hormonal route. The Fucoidan (in kombu and wakame ) has a powerful effect on NK cells (natural killer) and is proapoptotic.
Fucoxanthin is an effective carotenoid to inhibit tumor growth.
These live microorganisms are immunostimulants. They are also used to prevent cancer and contribute to its remission.
The probiotics are in supplement form (among the most common, the Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidus) and kefir and other fermented as sauerkraut.
AND ALSO, TAKE CARE WITH … VITAMINS FROM THE SUN!
The active form of vitamin D (D3) has powerful anti-cancer and antioxidant effects, and on the nervous, muscular and immune systems.
The majority of the population has low concentrations of vitamin D, derived from insufficient sun exposure, a sign that we spend many hours indoors. A deficit of vitamin D is linked to an increased risk of mortality due to a score of diseases, including hypertension, diabetes and cancer.
In relation to cancer, it has an important proapoptotic action, since it affects the tumor cells and favors their elimination.
Weight Loss: Lose 10 Kg In 10 Days, Read Complete Diet Chart
Reducing obesity becomes very difficult unless your diet is balanced and you are adopting a healthy lifestyle. Those who want to lose 10 KG weight in a month will need a lot of motivation and control their food as well.
If you want to lose weight forever without starving, then we have brought you a low calorie, high nutrition diet plan and fat burning exercise so that you can control your obesity and feel fit, slim and feel.
All you have to do is follow this diet and exercise for 15 minutes daily for 30 days. This will immediately show you the difference in weight.
Morning after dawn:
Always start your day by drinking 2 glasses of lukewarm water. This will remove constipation and release toxins from the body, which will help in reducing obesity.
Drink detox water in the morning (7:00 am – 7:30 am) to lose weight
Detox water helps in removing unwanted toxins, stored water and excess sodium from the body. It boosts your metabolism and burns calories faster than your body. You can choose one of the following detox drinks depending on your body. You have to drink it regularly for a month. Lemon detox drink, Ginger detox drink, cummin detox drink, apple cider Veniger detox drink, etc.
How to have breakfast in the morning (8:00 am-9:30 am)
You only have to choose between 250 calories in your breakfast.
How to have breakfast in the morning (8:00 am-9:30 am)
To make oatmeal in breakfast, 1/2 cup of oats, 1/2 cup of skim milk and a small spoon of honey or aother sweetener will be added. You can also put apple or black grapes on it.
Egg Omelette and Green Tea
Eggs contain a lot of protein which instantly reduces weight. You have to make an omelet of 2 egg whites with onion, tomato and chili. With this, you can drink a cup of green tea.
Idli and sambar
You can eat + 1/2 cup sambar with two medium sized idlis at home. By eating this you will get 230 calories only.
Apple smoothie and almonds
To make it, blend 2 medium-sized apples with 1 cup of skim milk with 1 tsp honey and mix some cinnamon powder on top. Also eat 9-10 almonds with it.
Corn flakes and milk
If you do not have time to make breakfast, then you can eat half a cup of skim milk in a bowl of cornflakes and add nuts to it. You will only get 200 calories in it.
Vegetable Soup and Brown Bread
Drink vegetable soup to lose weight. It contains vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Eat 1 bowl vegetable soup and 1 slice of toasted brown bread for breakfast. It will contain 200 calories.
What to Eat at Mid Morning Snack (10:30 am – 11:30 am)
After breakfast, whenever you feel hungry, eat a 100 calorie diet. You can eat Marie light biscuits with green tea. Eat either banana, apple, watermelon, Satra or half a cup of grapes.
Lunch (12.30 PM to 2:00 PM)
You have to eat all the recipes within 300 calories.
Vegetable Soup: Homemade vegetable soup will contain 140 calories. If you cannot make vegetable soup at home, then take Maggi Mixed Vegetable Soup in the market. Eat toasted brown bread with it.
Fish and Rice: A grilled fish has 124 calories. You can have half a cup of steamed vegetable rice with fish.
Bread and Vegetable Curry: 1 small roti has 71 calories. You can eat 1 cup of boiled vegetables with one or two rotis. Try to cook the vegetables in 1 teaspoon of oil.
Egg Sandwich: Eat two multigrain breads with 2 egg whites, 3 sliced onions and 2 sliced tomatoes.
Evening breakfast (5:00 – 6:30 PM)
In the evening when you feel hungry then you have to eat a diet of up to 100 calories. Its list is given below.
1. Lemon tea and vet rusks – Biscuits have more healthy rusks. Drink sugarless lemon tea with two rusks.
2. Boiled Eggs and Green Tea – Drink a boiled egg and 1 cup of green tea.
3. Nuts – In this you can eat almonds, pistachios and walnuts.
4. Momo- It takes huge tastes to eat Steam Momo. The small stem momo has only 30 calories.
5. Orange juice- Orange juice contains vitamin C which does not allow calories to increase. You should drink 1 glass of orange juice.
6. Grilled Brown Bread Sandwich – You will have to eat half a grill sandwich at breakfast in the evening. In this sandwich, you can add some onions, capsicum, tomatoes, cabbage and spinach etc.
Dinner (8:00 – 9:30 PM)
Your dinner should be 250 calories. For this you can eat all these
1. Chicken Noodles Soup – Eating a bowl of Chicken Noodles Soup will fill your stomach comfortably. You will get only 150 calories in it.
2. Roti and Boiled Vegetables / Boiled Chikchan / Soya Curry – You can eat half a cup of soybean curry or half a cup of chicken curry with 2 small rotis.
Drink this fat-burning drink at night
Drinking warm water before going to bed at night ends obesity quickly. This removes body dirt and leads to good sleep.
Try this also if you drink 9-10 glasses of water daily throughout the day.
How Diabetes Affects Your Skin – Symptoms And Prevention
At present, diabetes is becoming a serious problem, today the whole world is affected by it. Diabetes can help control diseases in time through early diagnosis and treatment. Since uncontrolled blood sugar levels are associated with many serious complications, necessary precautions are needed to control the disease in a timely manner. In the early stage of diabetes, you may experience symptoms such as frequent urination, increased appetite, blurred vision, fatigue, increased thirst, tingling in the extremities, yeast infections and slow healing of wounds. Symptoms of diabetes also appear on the skin. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels also affect the patient’s skin. Here we are telling you about some common symptoms of diabetes appearing on the skin.
What are the symptoms of diabetes appearing on the skin?
Patches may appear on the skin of a diabetic patient during the initial phase. These dark skin patches may appear on the neck or armpits. This patch can be soft. In some cases, the person may experience dry skin.
What is the relationship between diabetes and skin problems?
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels mainly cause skin problems. According to experts, there is a deep correlation between diabetes and skin problems, which cannot be ruled out. There are many skin problems that can be caused by diabetes. However, these skin problems can be prevented by controlling diabetes.
Diabetic dermopathy is a term specifically used to describe small, brown spots on the skin in front of the feet. Patients usually do not develop any symptoms due to these skin spots and they occur in most patients with diabetes. It is more common in older patients with chronic diabetes. These skin changes are caused by decreased blood circulation in the skin due to diabetes.
What are the treatment options?
Although this condition by itself does not require any specific treatment, it may well indicate the presence of more serious complications of diabetes such as retinopathy (eye damage), nephropathy (kidney damage) and neuropathy (nerve damage). Damage). Cosmetic camouflage is probably used to hide the appearance of skin spots when needed. Diabetes patients need to have their blood sugar checked immediately if such spots are detected. Controlling diabetes in patients with diabetes dermopathy may reduce the risk of other complications.
Other skin problems
- Bullosis diabeticorum is also a problem in patients with diabetes, where blisters develop in the skin.
- Many patients with type 1 diabetes develop a hardness of the skin known as diabetic chiroethropathy.
- Necrobiosis lipoidica is a condition in which yellow, waxy spots appear on the skin in front of the feet.
- Diabetes patients, especially due to obesity, may have blackening and thickening of skin folds, due to insulin resistance. This condition is called acanthosis nigricans.
- Apart from these, diabetes patients are at risk of developing fungal infections, especially around the private part.
Botox: How long does it last and what is the effect of the injection?
The Botox injection is now one of the beauty treatments favored by many women who want to look more beautiful and young and eliminate wrinkles. The passage of age is not indifferent to women and Botox injection may be a good option to delay the passage of time.
What is botox or botulinum toxin?
Botox is the trade name for botulinum toxin type A. The anti-wrinkle effect of Botox was discovered by chance by researchers. The application of the substance was originally approved in the United States for therapeutic use by ophthalmologists in the treatment of patients who had eye problems with constant blinking and strabismus. It was also used by neurologists to combat facial hemispasm, and it was discovered that when treating muscle, wrinkles in that area of the face decreased.
Botox is used to make those wrinkles that come with age disappear from the face. This is achieved through its injection into certain facial muscles, which are the culprits that wrinkles appear. Deep down, Botox paralyzes the muscle in question, getting the skin to stretch again. Therefore, the muscle responsible for the wrinkle is injected directly, which cannot be contracted again.
How long does the effect of Botox injection last?
The anti-wrinkle effect of botox injection lasts about 5 to 6 months. After this period, a new dose of Botox may be placed. Something that must always be taken into account, regardless of where Botox infiltration is performed, is that the dose should be applied only once. Never allow two or more Botox injections to be given on the same occasion. With one enough. After the 6 months have elapsed, a new dose may be placed on the skin. Before, never.
On the other hand, it is necessary to make sure that the person who administers botulinum toxin is a professional and has the appropriate licenses to perform this type of treatment.
Health benefits of Apricot fruit (Khumani, Khubani)
Apricot is a fruit that has juicy, firm meat and a delicious sweet taste.
If we compare it with other fruits, its energy intake is quite low, since it has a high amount of water, in addition to having very few hydrates
carbons Very rich in fiber, which improves intestinal transit, and it’s content in provitamin A (beta-carotene), with antioxidant action. It is rich in minerals such as potassium and, to a lesser extent, in magnesium and calcium.
Beta-carotene is transformed into vitamin A in our body as it needs it. This vitamin is essential for vision, good condition of the skin, hair, mucous membranes, bones and for the proper functioning of the immune system, in addition to having antioxidant properties. Potassium is a mineral necessary for the transmission and generation of nerve impulses and for normal muscle activity, in addition, it intervenes in the balance of water inside and outside the cell. Magnesium is related to the functioning of the intestine, nerves and muscles, is part of bones and teeth, improves immunity and has a mild laxative effect.
|Composition per 100 grams of edible portion|
|Provitamin A (mcg)||27|
|Vitamin C (mg)||7|
|mcg = micrograms|
Properties and health benefits
Its attractive orange color, together with the pleasant aroma they give off and its tasty sweetness, make the apricot one of the favorite fruits of the summer season. Due to its nutritional components, its consumption should be encouraged at all ages: children, youth, adults, athletes, pregnant women or nursing mothers and the elderly.
The beta-carotene or provitamin A content of apricots, antioxidants, gives them their characteristic orange color and makes them a recommended fruit to reduce the risk of cardiovascular, degenerative and cancer diseases. Also, various apricot substances, in addition to beta-carotene, are used to treat skin conditions.
The potassium content of apricot makes it a diuretic fruit, recommended in the dietary treatment of various cardiovascular diseases, such as high blood pressure or others associated with fluid retention. Its consumption is also convenient when diuretics are used that eliminate said mineral, and in the case of bulimia due to episodes of self-induced vomiting that cause great losses. However, the contribution of this mineral is restricted in case of advanced acute or chronic renal failure, so the consumption of apricots in these cases will be measured.
In relation to blood, it provides minerals directly involved with the formation and maturation of red blood cells: iron, copper and cobalt. However, the iron provided by fresh or dried apricot is found in the chemical form of nonheme, so the body absorbs it in small amounts. To increase the absorption of this mineral, it is convenient to take the fruit as a dessert of a varied meal, which has included other nutrients that increase its absorption, such as proteins abundant in meat, fish and eggs or the vitamin C of certain vegetables (pepper, tomato) and fruits (citrus, kiwi, tropical fruits …).
Fresh ripe apricots are rich in tannins, substances with astringent, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Some of the actions of the tannins are to dry and deflate the intestinal mucosa; the layer that covers the inside of the digestive tract, so that its consumption is adequate in case of delicate stomach and heavy digestions.
The oxalic acid that apricots contain can form salts with certain minerals such as calcium and form calcium oxalate, so their consumption must be taken into account if they suffer from this type of kidney stones, as it could aggravate the situation.
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